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How to Install and Use Snap on Ubuntu 20.04

Snap Package Manager

In this tutorial we will see the how to install and Use Snap Package Manager on Ubuntu 20.04. Our target operating system will be Ubuntu 20.04. Ubuntu Software was the only package manager for Ubuntu prior to Ubuntu version 16.04. An alternative package management software was added in Ubuntu 16.04 and onwards. This was Snap package management software, sometimes also called as Snapd or Snappy. It is an additional package management tool for Ubuntu.

Link to Official Website of Snap Package Manager

The Developers – Conical

However, the program package format for Snap was developed by Conical. This is the same company which is behind the development and maintenance of Ubuntu operating system. Additionally, Snap may be used across all Linux distros. The Snap packages can be installed through command line or these may be downloaded from the Snap website as .snap files. Also, the Snap package Management Software creates separate folders for each application installed so that there is no interference of Apps with the rest of the system.

Now, we will see step by step Installation and Usage of Snap Package Manager on Ubuntu 20.04.

The prerequisite for the installation of Snap Package Manager

How to install Ubuntu 20.04 Desktop System Step by Step

Installation

Although, Snap is installed on the Ubuntu Desktop System by default along with the installation of the operating system. Also, the Snap Package Manager is available in the default software repository of Ubuntu. If the Snap Package Management Software is not installed on your system. Open the command line terminal and issue the following command in the terminal.

sudo apt-get install snapd

Version Check

When the Installation is complete. Verify the version of Snap package manager. Issue the following command to verify the version of Snap package manger in the terminal window.

sudo snap version

We will get the following output of the above command:

sudo snap version
snap    2.51.1
snapd   2.51.1
series  16
ubuntu  20.04
kernel  5.8.0-63-generic

Package List

To see the list of all the packages available in Snap Package Repository. Open the terminal window and issue the following command.

sudo snap find

The output of the command will be like shown below.

$ sudo snap find
No search term specified. Here are some interesting snaps:
Name              Version                    Publisher           Notes    Summary
antstream-arcade  2.1.1447          antstream           –            Officially licensed retro game streaming platform with 1000+ titles to play, challenges & global tournaments. Free to Play!
blender                    2.93.1               blenderfoundation*       classic  Blender is the free and open source 3D creation suite.
converternow        2.6.0                  ferraridamiano      –        A simple, immediate and fast converter! ⚡
discord                  0.0.15                   snapcrafters        –        All-in-one voice and text chat for gamers
edgexfoundry      1.3.1-9                   canonical*          –        Open-source framework for IoT edge computing
foobar2000          1.6.6                      mmtrt               –        foobar2000 is an advanced freeware audio player.
gimp                    2.10.24                    snapcrafters        –        GNU Image Manipulation Program
hugo                    v0.86.0                    hugo-authors        –        A Fast and Flexible Static Site Generator built with love by bep, spf13 and friends in Go.
inkscape  1.1-ce6663b3b7-2021-05-25  inkscape*           –        Vector Graphics Editor
juju                        2.9.9                      canonical*          classic  A model-driven operator lifecycle manager
krita                        4.4.5                      krita*              –        Digital Painting, Creative Freedom
litteris                 master                     raibtoffoletto      –        Penpal Correspondence Organized
musescore            3.6.2                      musescore*          –        Create, play and print beautiful sheet music.
newsboat              r2.24                      minoru              –        An RSS/Atom feed reader for text terminals
okular                  20.12.3                    kde*                –        Document Viewer
pocket-browser    1.6.2                      pocketinc           –        An open-source browser made for privacy and going towards security!
qownnotes           21.7.12                    pbek                –        Plain-text file markdown note taking with Nextcloud / ownCloud integration
retroarch                 1.9.7                      libretro            –        RetroArch
telegram-desktop  2.8.11                    telegram.desktop    –        Official desktop client for the Telegram messenger
utilso                        3.7.7                      sleptsov            –        All-in-one tools for developers
veloren     0.4.2+git21.g78940c2       timsueberkrueb      –        An open-source multiplayer voxel RPG
webots                 R2021b                     cyberbotics         –        Webots is a free and open-source 3D robot simulator
xournalpp-mobile  1.1.11                     jasmich             –        Infinitely take notes, sketch and learn
yuzu                          701                        nightmayr           –        Nintendo Switch Emulator
zwavejs2mqtt        v5.2.2                     joachimmg           –        Fully configurable Zwave to MQTT Gateway and Control Panel.
audacity                  3.0.2                      diddledan           –        Audio software for multi-track recording and editing
bitwarden                1.27.1                     bitwarden*          –        A secure and free password manager for all of your devices.
Provide a search term for more specific results.

Package Name

We can install any package available is the Snap repository. To install a package open terminal window and execute the following command.

sudo snap install package-name

(Here replace package-name with the name of the package you want to install)

For example to install vlc media player on Ubuntu 20.04 using Snap Package Management Software. Issue the following command in the terminal windows.

sudo snap install vlc

After the installation of the vlc media player you will get the following output on the screen.

sudo snap install vlc
vlc 3.0.16 from VideoLAN* installed

Refresh Package

We can update the installed package from Snap repository. To update the installed package from Snap repository. Issue the following command in the terminal windows.

sudo snap refresh package-name

(Here replace the package-name with the software package name you wish to update)

For example, to update vlc media player package from Snap repository. Issue the following command in the terminal window.

sudo snap refresh vlc

As we have fresh installed the package there will be no updates available and the output message will be as given below.

snap "vlc" has no updates available

Snap List

If you want to list all Snap packages, run the following command:

sudo snap list

The output of the above command will be like this:

sudo snap list
Name               Version             Rev    Tracking         Publisher     Notes
atom               1.57.0              282    latest/stable    snapcrafters  classic
brackets           1.14.1              138    latest/stable    snapcrafters  classic
core               16-2.51.3           11420  latest/stable    canonical*    core
core18             20210611            2074   latest/stable    canonical*    base
core20             20210702            1081   latest/stable    canonical*    base
gnome-3-34-1804    0+git.3556cb3       72     latest/stable/…  canonical*    -
gtk-common-themes  0.1-52-gb92ac40     1515   latest/stable/…  canonical*    -
snap-store         3.38.0-64-g23c4c77  547    latest/stable/…  canonical*    -
snapd              2.51.1              12398  latest/stable    canonical*    snapd
vlc                3.0.16              2344   latest/stable    videolan*     -
Recent Changes

To see the recent changes, issue the following command in the terminal windows:

sudo snap changes

The output of the above command will be as shown below:

sudo snap changes
ID   Status  Spawn               Ready               Summary
4    Done    today at 12:46 IST  today at 12:47 IST  Install “vlc” snap
5    Done    today at 12:59 IST  today at 13:00 IST  Install “atom” snap
6    Done    today at 13:04 IST  today at 13:05 IST  Install “brackets” snap

Snap Info

To see the information about the installed snap packages, issue the following command in the terminal windows. (Here, we will try to get the information about the vlc package we have installed through Snap Package Manager).

sudo snap info vlc

The output of the above command will be as shown below:

sudo snap info vlc
name:      vlc
summary:   The ultimate media player
publisher: VideoLAN*
store-url: https://snapcraft.io/vlc
contact:   https://www.videolan.org/support/
license:   unset
description: |
VLC is the VideoLAN project’s media player.
Completely open source and privacy-friendly, it plays every multimedia file and streams.
It notably plays MKV, MP4, MPEG, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, DivX, MOV, WMV, QuickTime, WebM, FLAC, MP3,
Ogg/Vorbis files, BluRays, DVDs, VCDs, podcasts, and multimedia streams from various network
sources. It supports subtitles, closed captions and is translated in numerous languages.
commands:
– vlc
snap-id:      RT9mcUhVsRYrDLG8qnvGiy26NKvv6Qkd
tracking:     latest/stable
refresh-date: today at 12:47 IST
channels:
latest/stable:    3.0.16                      2021-06-28 (2344) 310MB –
latest/candidate: 3.0.16                      2021-06-28 (2344) 310MB –
latest/beta:      3.0.16-56-g15be8514b1       2021-07-27 (2420) 330MB –
latest/edge:      4.0.0-dev-16141-g2396e15bd5 2021-07-28 (2423) 605MB –
installed:          3.0.16                                 (2344) 310MB –

Remove Package

To remove any package from the system, issue the following command in the command windows:

sudo snap remove package-name      (Here replace the package-name with the name of the package you want to remove from the system)

For example we will use vlc media player as the example package-name to remove from the system.

sudo snap remove vlc

The output of the above command will be as shown below:

sudo snap remove vlc

vlc removed

That’s all about the Snap Package Manager. This article will help the users to install and user Snap Package Manager.

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